This bibliography contains 366 titles covering anthropic reasoning, the Doomsday argument, the Simulation argument, and related issues in cosmology, quantum mechanics, foundations of probability theory and objective chance. Most entries are available online; if two links are given, then the first is the canonical link and the second an open-access or preprint link.

Achinstein, Peter, "Explanation and 'Old Evidence'", Philosophica 51(1): 125-137, 1993

Adams, Tom, "Sorting Out the Anti-Doomsday Arguments: A Reply to Sowers", Mind 116(462): 269-273, 2007,

Aguirre, Anthony, "The Cold Big-Bang Cosmology as a Counter-example to Several Anthropic Arguments", Physical Review D 64(8), 2001,

Aguirre, Anthony & Tegmark, Max, "Multiple universes, cosmic coincidences, and other dark matters", Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2005,,

Albert, David Z., "On the possibility that the present quantum state of the universe is the vacuum", PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, 1988(2): 127-133, 1988, Chicago: University of Chicago Press,,

Angrilli, Alessandro; Cherubini, Paolo; Pavese, Antonella; Manfredini, Sara, "The Influence of Affective Factors on Time Perception", Perception Psychophysics 59: 972-982, 1997,

Aumann, Robert J.; Hart, Sergiu; Perry, Motty, "The Forgetful Passenger", Games and Economic Behavior 20(1): 117-120, 1997,

Bacon, Francis, Novum Organum, 1620, London, Routledge,

Balashov, Yuri V., "Transcendental background to the anthropic reasoning in cosmology", Man and World 25: 115-132, 1992,

Barrow, John D., "Anthropic definitions", Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 24: 146-153, 1983,

Barrow, John D., The World within the World, 1988, Oxford: Clarendon Press,

Barrow, John D., Theories of Everything: the quest for ultimate explanation, 1991, Oxford: Clarendon Press,

Barrow, John D., Pi in the sky : counting, thinking, and being, 1992, Oxford: Clarendon Press,

Barrow, John D., "Patterns of explanation in cosmology", The Anthropic Principle: 1-16, Bertola, F. & Curi, U., 1993, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Barrow, John D., The origin of the universe, 1994, New York: Basic Books,

Barrow, John D., The artful universe, 1995, Oxford: Clarendon Press,

Barrow, John D., "Cosmology and the origin of life", 1998,

Barrow, John D., Between inner space and outer space: essays on science, art, and philosophy, 1999, Oxford: Oxford University Press,

Barrow, John D., Impossibility : the limits of science and the science of limits, 1999, New York: Oxford University Press,

Barrow, John D., "Living in a simulated universe", Universe or Multiverse?: 481-486, Carr, B.J., 2007, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Barrow, John D. & Hervik, Sigbjorn, "Indefinite information processing in ever-expanding universes ", Physics Letters B 566(1-2): 1-7, 2003,,

Barrow, John D. & Kodama, Hideo, "All universes great and small", International Journal of Modern Physics D 10(6): 785-790, 2001,,

Barrow, John D. & Levin, Janna, "The Copernican principle in compact space-times", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 346(2): 615 - 618, 2003,,

Barrow, John D. & Silk, Joseph, The left hand of creation: the origin and evolution of the expanding universe, 1993, New York: Oxford University Press,

Barrow, John D. & Tipler, Frank J., The Anthropic Cosmological Principle, 1986, Oxford: Oxford University Press,

Barrow, John D.; Sandvik, Håvard B.; Magueijo, João, "Anthropic reasons for non-zero flatness and Lambda", Physical Review D 65(12): 123501, 2002,,

Bartha, Paul & Hitchcock, Christopher, "No One Knows the Date or the Hour: An Unorthodox Application of Rev. Bayes's Theorem.", Philosophy of Science (Proceedings) 66: 329-353, 1999,,

Bartha, Paul and Hitchcock, Christopher, "The Shooting-Room Paradox and Conditionalizing on Measurably Challenged Sets", Synthese 108(3): 403-437, 2000,

Bartholomew, David J., The God of Chance, 1984, London: SCM Press,

Barvinsky, Andrei O., "Open inflation without anthropic principle",,,

Battigalli, Pierpaulo, "Dynamic Consistency and Imperfect Recall", Games and Economic Behaviour 20: 31-50, 1997,

Belot, Gordon; Earman, John; Ruetsche, Laura, "The Hawking Information Loss Paradox: The Anatomy of Controversy", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50(2): 189-229, 1999,

Bettini, Stefano, "Anthropic reasoning in Cosmology: A historical perspective", 2004,

Bigelow, John; Collins, John; Pargetter, Robert, "The big bad bug: what are the Humean's chances?", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44(3): 443-63, 1993,

Binmore, Ken, "A Note On Imperfect Recall", Understanding Strategic Interaction. Essays in Honor of Reinhard Selten: 51-62, Albers, W. et al., 1996, New York: Springer Verlag,

Bitbol, Michel, "From the anthropic principle to the subject principle", The Anthropic Principle: 91-100, Bertola, F. & Curi, U., 1993, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Black, Robert, "Chance, Credence, and the Principal Principle", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49(3): 371-85., 1998,

Bostrom, Nick, "Investigations into the Doomsday Argument", 1996, /preprints/inv/investigations.html

Bostrom, Nick, "How Long Before Superintelligence?", International Journal of Futures Studies 2, 1998,

Bostrom, Nick, "A Subjectivist Theory of Objective Chance", 1999,

Bostrom, Nick, "The Doomsday Argument is Alive and Kicking", Mind 108(431): 539-50, 1999,, /preprints/ali/alive.html

Bostrom, Nick, "Observer-relative chances in anthropic reasoning?", Erkenntnis 52: 93-108, 2000,, /preprints/rel/relative.html

Bostrom, Nick, "A Critical Look at Mark Greenberg's attempted refutation of the Doomsday argument", 2001, /preprints/gre/greenberg.html

Bostrom, Nick, "Cars in the next lane really do go faster", Plus (Nov), 2001,

Bostrom, Nick, "The Doomsday argument, Adam & Eve, UN++, and Quantum Joe", Synthese 127(3): 359-387, 2001,, /preprints/cau/paradoxes.html

Bostrom, Nick, "The Meta-Newcomb Problem", Analysis 61(4): 309-310, 2001,

Bostrom, Nick, "Existential Risks: Analyzing Human Extinction Scenarios and Related Hazards", Journal of Evolution and Technology, Vol. 9, 2002,

Bostrom, Nick, "Self-locating belief in big worlds: Cosmology's missing link to observation", Journal of Philosophy 99(12): 607-23, 2002,, /preprints/cos/big.html

Bostrom, Nick, Anthropic bias : observation selection effects in science and philosophy, 2002, New York: Routledge, /book/

Bostrom, Nick, "Are you living in a computer simulation?", Philosophical Quarterly 53(211): 243-255, 2003,,

Bostrom, Nick, "The Mysteries of Self-Locating Belief and Anthropic Reasoning", Harvard Review of Philosophy 11, 2003,

Bostrom, Nick, "Observation selection effects, measures, and infinite spacetimes", Multiverse and String Theory, 2005, Stanford,

Bostrom, Nick, "The Simulation Argument: Reply to Weatherson", Philosophical Quarterly 55(218): 90-97, 2005,,

Bostrom, Nick, "Observation selection theory and cosmological fine-tuning", Universe or Multiverse?: 481-486, Carr, B.J., 2007, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Bostrom, Nick, "Sleeping Beauty and Self-Location: A Hybrid Model", Synthese 157(1): 59-78, 2007,, /preprints/beauty/synthesis.pdf

Bostrom, Nick, "Beyond the Doomsday Argument: Reply to Sowers and Further Remarks", /preprints/sowers/beyond.pdf

Bostrom, Nick & Cirkovic, Milan M., "The Doomsday Argument and the Self-Indication Assumption: Reply to Olum", Philosophical Quarterly 53(210): 83-91, 2003,, /preprints/olum/sia.pdf

Bradley, Darren, "No Doomsday argument without knowledge of birth rank: A defence of Bostrom", Synthese 144(1): 91-100, 2005,,

Brin, Glen D., "The 'Great Silence': The Controversy Concerning Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life", Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 24: 283-309, 1983,

Brown, Stephen J; Goetzmann, William N.; Ross, Stephen A., "Survival", The Journal of Finance 50(3): 853-873, 1995,,

Buch, P., "Future prospects discussed", Nature 368 (10 March) : 107-8, 1994,

Carlson, Erik & Olsson, Erik J., "Is our existence in need of further explanation?", Inquiry 41: 255-75, 1998,

Carnap, Rudolf, "On the Application of Inductive Logic", Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 8: 133-48, 1947,,

Carr, Bernard J. & Rees, Martin J., "The anthropic principle and the structure of the physical world", Nature 278(12 April): 605-612, 1979,

Carter, Brandon, "Large number coincidences and the anthropic principle in cosmology", Confrontation of Cosmological Theories with Data: 291-8, Longair, M.S., 1974, Dordrecht: Reidel,

Carter, Brandon, "The anthropic principle and its implications for biological evolution", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 310: 347-363, 1983,

Carter, Brandon, "The anthropic selection principle and the ultra-Darwinian synthesis", The Anthropic Principle: 33-63, Bertola, F. & Curi, U., 1989, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Carter, Brandon, "Anthropic interpretation of quantum theory", 2004,,

Carter, Brandon, "Who plays dice? Subjective uncertainty in deterministic quantum world", AIP Conference Proceedings 861: 73-78, 2006,

Carter, Brandon, "Micro-anthropic principle for quantum theory", Universe or Multiverse?, Carr, B.J., 2007, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Carter, Brandon, "Objective and subjective time in anthropic reasoning", 2007,

Carter, Brandon, "The significance of numerical coincidences in nature", 2007,

Castañeda, Hector-Neri, "'He': A Study in the Logic of Self-Consciousness", Ratio 8: 130-57, 1966

Castañeda, Hector-Neri, "On the Logic of Attributions of Self-Knowledge to Others", Journal of Philosophy 65: 439-56, 1968,

Castell, Paul, "A Consistent Restriction of the Principle of Indifference", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49: 387-395, 1998,

Caves, Carlton M., "Predicting future duration from present age: A critical assessment", Contemporary Physics 41: 143-153, 2000,,

Chalmers, David, "The Matrix as metaphysics", Philosophers explore the Matrix, Grau, C., 2005, Oxford: Oxford University Press,

Chislenko, Alexander, "Networking in the mind age", 1996,

Cirkovic, Milan M., "Is Many Likelier than Few? A Critical Assessment of the Self-Indicating Assumption", 2001,

Cirkovic, Milan M., "Anthropic Fluctuations vs. Weak Anthropic Principle", Foundations of Science 7(4): 453-63, 2002,, /preprints/Boltzmann_WAP.pdf

Cirkovic, Milan M., "Is the Universe Really So Simple?", Foundations of Physics 32: 1141-1157, 2002,,

Cirkovic, Milan M., "Ancient origins of a modern anthropic cosmological argument", Astronomical and Astrophysical Transactions 22(6): 879-886, 2003,, /preprints/Cirk2003.pdf

Cirkovic, Milan M., "On the first anthropic argument in astrobiology", Earth, Moon and Planets 91: 243-54, 2003,, /preprints/MilanFirst.pdf

Cirkovic, Milan M., "The Thermodynamical Arrow of Time: Reinterpreting the Boltzmann-Schuetz Argument", Foundations of Physics 33(3), 2003, /preprints/Cir03.pdf 

Cirkovic, Milan M., "Earths: Rare in Time, Not Space?", Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 57(1-2), 2004, /preprints/fermi/CirkEarth.pdf

Cirkovic, Milan M., "The anthropic principle and the duration of the cosmological past", Astronomical and Astrophysical Transactions 23(6): 567-597, 2004,,

Cirkovic, Milan M., "Too Early? On the Apparent Conflict of Astrobiology and Cosmology", Biology and Philosophy 21(3): 369-79, 2006,,

Çirkoviç, Milan M., "On Agencies and Capacities in the Anthropic Self-Selection: A Comment on Bostrom", 2001

Çirkoviç, Milan M. & Bostrom, Nick, "Cosmological Constant and the Final Anthropic Hypothesis", Astrophysics and Space Science 274(4): 675-687, 2000,,

Cirkovic, Milan M. & Bradbury, Robert J., "Galactic Gradients, Postbiological Evolution and the Apparent Failure of SETI", New Astronomy 11(8): 628-639, 2006,, /preprints/milan-seti.pdf

Cirkovic, Milan M. & Vukotic, Branislav, "On The Timescale Forcing in Astrobiology", Serbian Astronomical Journal 175: 45-50, 2007,

Cirkovic, Milan M.; Dragicevic, Ivana; Vukotic, Branislav, "Galactic Punctuated Equilibrium: How to Undermine Carter's Anthropic Argument in Astrobiology", Astrobiology9(5): 491-501, 2009,,

Coles, Peter & Ellis, George, "The Case for an Open Universe", Nature 370(6491): 609-615, 1994,

Collins, C. Barry & Hawking, Stephen, "Why is the universe isotropic?", The Astrophysical Journal 180: 317-334, 1973,

Craig, William L., "Barrow and Tipler on the anthropic principle vs. Divine design", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38: 389-395, 1988,,

Craig, William L., "Hartle-Hawking cosmology and atheism", Analysis 57(4): 291-295, 1997,

Dainton, Barry, "Innocence lost: Simulation scenarios: problems and consequences", 2002,,

Davies, Paul, "What caused the big bang?", Physical cosmology and philosophy, Leslie, J., 1990, New York: Collier Macmillan,

Davies, Paul, "Session 25. Is the Universe Optimally Right for Life?", Astrobiology 8(2): 418-419, 2008,

De Simone, Andrea; Guth, Alan H.; Salem, Michael P.; Vilenkin, Alexander, "Predicting the cosmological constant with the scale-factor cutoff measure", Physical Review D 78: 063520, 2008,,

Delahaye, Jean-Paul, "Recherche de modèles pour l'argument de l'Apocalypse de Carter-Leslie", 1996

DeWitt, Bryce S., "Quantum mechanics and reality", Physics Today 23: 30, 1970,

DeWitt, Bryce S. & Graham, R. Neill (eds.), The Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973,

Dicke, Robert. H., "Dirac's Cosmology and Mach's principle", Nature 192: 440-441, 1961,

Dieks, Dennis, "Doomsday—Or: the Dangers of Statistics.", Philosophical Quarterly 42(166): 78-84, 1992,

Dieks, Dennis, "The Doomsday Argument", 1999,

Dieks, Dennis, "Reasoning About the Future: Doom and Beauty", Synthese 156(3): 427-439, 2007,,

Donoghue, John F.; Dutta, Koushik; Ross, Andreas; Tegmark, Max, "Likely values of the Higgs vev", 2009,

Dowe, Philip, "Multiple universes, fine-tuning and the inverse gambler's fallacy", 1998,

Drexler, K. Eric, "Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology", 1985, London: Fourth Estate.,

Drexler, K. Eric, "Nanosystems", 1992, New York: John Wiley & Sons,

Dyson, Freeman, "Time without end: physics and biology in an open universe", Reviews of Modern Physics 51(3): 447-460, 1979,

Earman, John, "The SAP also rises: a critical examination of the anthropic principle", American Philosophical Quarterly 24(4): 307-17, 1987,

Earman, John, "Bayes or Bust? A Critical Examination of Bayesian Confirmation Theory", 1992, Cambridge: MIT Press,,

Earman, John, "The big bang and the horizon problem", Bangs, crunches, whimpers, and shrieks., 1995, New York: Oxford University Press,

Eckhardt, William, "A Shooting-Room view of Doomsday", Journal of Philosophy 94(5): 244-259, 1992,

Eckhardt, William, "Probability Theory and the Doomsday Argument", Mind 102(407): 483-88, 1993,,

Eddington, Arthur, "The Philosophy of Physical Science", 1939, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Eells, Ellery, "Bayesian Problems of Old Evidence", Scientific Theories, Savage, C. W., 1990, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press,

Efstathiou, Andreas; Hough, James; Young, Stuart, "A model for the Infrared Continuum Spectrum of NGC- 1068", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 277(3): 1134-44, 1995,

Elga, Adam, "Self-locating Belief and the Sleeping Beauty problem", Analysis 60(2): 143-147, 2000,,

Elga, Adam, "Defeating Dr. Evil with self-locating belief", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69(2): 383-396, 2004,,

Ellis, George F.R., "Cosmology and Verifiability", Physical cosmology and philosophy, Leslie, J., 1990, New York: Collier Macmillan,

Everett, Hugh, "'Relative state' formulation of quantum mechanics", Review of Modern Physics 29: 454–462, 1957,,

Everett, Hugh, "The Theory of the Universal Wavefunction", The Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, eds. DeWitt, B.S. & Graham, R.N., Princeton: Princeton University Press,

Feinberg, Gerald & Shapiro, Robert, Life beyond Earth: The Intelligent Earthling's Guide to Life in the Universe, 1980, New York: Morrow,

Feller, William, An Introduction to Probability Theory and its Applications, 1966, New York: Wiley

Feoli, Antonio & Rampone, Salvatore, "Is the Strong Anthropic Principle Too Weak?", Il Nuovo Cimento B 114: 281-289, 1999,

Franceschi, Paul, "Une Solution pour l'Argument de l'Apocalypse", Canadian Journal of Philosophy 28(2): 227-246, 1998,, /preprints/fra/franceschi.html

Franceschi, Paul, "Comment l'Urne de Carter et Leslie se Déverse dans celle de Hempel", Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29(1): 139-56, 1999,,

Franceschi, Paul, "A Third Route to the Doomsday Argument", 2005,

Franceschi, Paul, "A Two-Sided Ontological Solution to the Sleeping Beauty Problem", 2008,

Freedman, Wendy L., "The Hubble constant and the expansion age of the Universe", Physics Letters 333(1-6): 13-31, 2000,

Freitas Jr., Robert A., Nanomedicine, 1999, Austin: Landes Bioscience,

Gale, George, "The Anthropic Principle", Scientific American 245 (June): 154-171, 1981

Gale, George, "Anthropic-principle cosmology: physics or metaphysics?", Final Causality in Nature and Human Affairs, Hassing, R., 1996, Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press,

Gardner, Martin, "WAP, SAP, FAP & PAP", New York Review of Books 33(May 8): 22-25, 1986

Garnavich, Peter, M.; et al., "Constraints on cosmological models from Hubble Space Telescope observations of high-z supernovae", Astrophysical Journal 493(2), 1998,

Garriga, Jaume & Vilenkin, Alexander, "Many worlds in one", Physical Review D 64(043511), 2001,,

Garriga, Jaume & Vilenkin, Alexander, "Testable anthropic predictions for dark energy", Physical Review D 67: 043503, 2003,,

Garriga, Jaume & Vilenkin, Alexander, "Anthropic prediction for Lambda and the Q catastrophe", Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement 163: 245-257, 2006,,

Garriga, Jaume & Vilenkin, Alexander, "Prediction and explanation in the multiverse", Physical Review D 77: 043526, 2008,,

Garriga, Jaume; Linde, Andrei; Vilenkin, Alexander, "Dark energy equation of state and anthropic selection", Physical Review D 69: 063521, 2003,,

Garriga, Jaume; Mukhanov, Viatcheslav F.; Olum, Ken D.; Vilenkin, Alexander, "Eternal inflation, black holes, and the future of civilizations", International Journal of Theoretical Physics 39(7): 1887-1900, 2000,,

Garriga, Jaume; Tanaka, Takahiro; Vilenkin, Alexander, "Density parameter and the Anthropic Principle", Physical Review D 60(2):, 1999,,

Gilboa, Itzhak, "A Comment on the Absent-Minded Driver Paradox", Games and Economic Behaviour 20: 25-30, 1997,

Gillies, Donald, An objective theory of probability, 1973, London: Methuen,

Gilovich, Thomas; Vallone, Robert; Tversky, Amos, "The Hot Hand in Basketball: On the Misperception of Random Sequences", Cognitive Psychology 17: 295-314, 1985,,

Goodman, Steven N., "Future prospects discussed", Nature 368 (10 March): 108, 1994,

Gott, J. Richard, "Implications of the Copernican principle for our future prospects", Nature 363 (27 May): 315-319, 1993,

Gott, J. Richard, "Future prospects discussed", Nature 368 (10 March): 108, 1994,

Gott, J. Richard, "Clusters, Lensing, and the Future of the Universe", Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series 88, Trimble, V. & Reisenegger, A., 1996, San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific

Gott, J. Richard, "A Grim Reckoning", New Scientist 2108: 36-39, 1997,,

Gott, J. Richard, "Random Observations and the Copernican principle", Physics Web, February, 2000

Gott, J. Richard, Time Travel in Einstein's Universe: The Physical Possibilities of Travel Through Time, 2001, New York: Houghton Mifflin,

Gould, Steven J., The Flamingo's Smile: Reflections in Natural History, 1985, London: Penguin Books

Gould, Steven J., "Mind and Supermind", Physical Cosmology and Philosophy, Leslie, J., 1990, New York: Collier Macmillan,

Gratton, Livio, "The anthropic principle: a critical view", The Anthropic Principle: 101-6, Bertola, F & Curi, U., 1993, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Greenberg, Mark, "Apocalypse Not Just Now", London Review of Books (1 July): 19-22, 1999,

Grove, Adam J. & Halpern, Joseph Y., "On the Expected Value of Games with Absentmindedness", Games and Economic Behaviour 20: 51-65, 1997,,

Grover, Stephen, "Cosmological fecundity", Inquiry 41: 277-99, 1998, 

Hacking, Ian, "The Inverse Gambler's Fallacy: the Argument from Design. The Anthropic Principle Applied to Wheeler Universes", Mind 76(383): 331-40, 1987,,

Hacking, Ian, "Astronomical improbability", Logic, methodology and philosophy of science: 413-426., Fenstad, J.E.; Frolov, I.T.; Hilpinen, R., 1989, Elsevier,

Hall, Ned, "Correcting the guide to objective chance", Mind 103(412): 505-17, 1994,,

Halpern, Joseph Y., "On Ambiguities in the Interpretation of Game Trees", Games and Economic Behaviour 20: 66-96, 1997,,

Halpin, John F., "Legitimizing Chance: The Best-System Approach to Probabilistic Laws in Physical Theory", Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72(3): 317-338, 1994,

Hanson, Robin, "Critiquing the Doomsday Argument", 1998,

Hanson, Robin, "Must Early Life Be Easy? The Rhythm of Major Evolutionary Transitions", 1998,

Hanson, Robin, "How to live in a simulation", Journal of Evolution & Technology, 7(1), 2001,

Hanson, Robin, "When Worlds Collide: Quantum Probability From Observer Selection?", Foundations of Physics 33(7): 1129-1150, 2003,,

Hart, Michael H., "Atmospheric Evolution, the Drake Equation, and DNA: Sparse life in an Infinite Universe", Extraterrestrials: Where are they?, Hart, M. H. & Zuckerman, B., 1982, New York: Pergamon Press,

Hawking, Stephen, "The Anisotropy of the Universe at Large Times", Confrontation of Cosmological Theories with Observational Data, Longair, M.S., 1974, Dordrecht: Reidel,

Hawking, Stephen W. & Israel, Werner (eds.), General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey, 1979, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Hawking, Stephen W. & Turok, Neil, "Open Inflation Without False Vacua", Physics Letters B 425(1-2): 25-32, 1998,,

Heidman, Jean, "The anthropic principle and the SETI perspective", The Anthropic Principle: 111-6, Bertola, F. & Curi, U., 1993, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Hoefer, Carl, "On Lewis' objective chance: 'Humean supervenience debugged'", Mind 106(422): 321-34, 1997,

Hoefer, Carl, "A Skeptic's Guide to Objective Chance", Mind 116(463): 549-596, 2007,,

Hogan, Craig J., "Why the universe is just so", 1999,,

Horwich, Paul, Probability and evidence, 1982, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Howson, Colin, "The 'Old Evidence' Problem", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42(4): 547-555, 1991,

Jean-Paul Delahaye, "La Belle au bois dormant, la fin du monde et les extraterrestres", Pour la Science 309 (July), 2003,

Jeffrey, Richard, The logic of decision, 1965, McGraw-Hill,

Jorion, Philippe & Goetzmann, William N., "A Century of Global Stock Markets", National Bureau of Economic Research, working paper 7565, 2000,,

Kallosh, Renata & Linde, Andrei, "M-theory, Cosmological Constant and Anthropic Principle", Physical Review D 67: 023510, 2003,,

Kane, Gordon L.; Perry, Malcolm J.; Zytkow, Anna N., "The Beginning of the End of the Anthropic Principle", New Astronomy 7:1: 45-53, 2002,,

Kanitscheider, Bernulf, "Anthropic arguments—are they really explanations?", The Anthropic Principle: Proceedings of the Venice Conference on Cosmology and Philosophy, Bertola, F. & Curi, U., 1993, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Katz, Jerrold, "Why there is something: The Anthropic Principle and improbable events", Dialogue 27: 111-120, 1988

Kelly, Kyle, "Is the Weak Anthropic Principle Compatible With Divine Design?", 1997,

Kierland, Brian & Monton, Bradley, "Minimizing Inaccuracy for Self-Locating Beliefs", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70(2): 384-95, 2005,,

Klapdor, Hans V. & Grotz K., "Evidence for a nonvanishing energy density of the vacuum (or cosmological constant)", Astrophysical Journal 301(L39-L43), 1986,

Knobe, Joshua; Olum, Ken D; Vilenkin, Alexander, "Philosophical Implications of Inflationary Cosmology", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57(1): 47-67, 2006,,

Kopf, Tomas; Krtous, Pavel; Page, Don N., "Too soon for doom gloom?", Physics preprint archive gr-gc/9407002 (v3, 4 Jul.), 1994,

Korb, Kevin B. & Oliver, Jonathan J., "A Refutation of the Doomsday Argument", Mind 107(426): 403-10, 1998,

Korb, Kevin B. & Oliver, Jonathan J., "Comment on Nick Bostrom's "The Doomsday Argument is Alive and Kicking"", Mind 108(431): 551-3, 1999,

Krauss, Lawrence M.; Starkman, Glenn D., "Life, The Universe, and Nothing: Life and Death in an Ever-Expanding Universe", The Astrophysical Journal 531: 22-30, 2000,,

Kurzweil, Ray, The Age of Spiritual Machines: When computers exceed human intelligence, 1999, New York: Viking,

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Lachièze-Rey, Marc & Luminet, Jean-Pierre, "Cosmic Topology", Physics Reports 254(3): 135-214, 1995,,

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Ledford, Anthony; Marriott, Paul; Crowder, Martin, "Lifetime prediction from only present age: fact or fiction?", Physics Letters A 280: 309-311, 2001,

Leslie, John, "Ethically required existence", American Philosophical Quarterly 9(3): 215-24, 1972,

Leslie, John, Value and Existence, 1979, Oxford: Blackwell,

Leslie, John, "Observership in cosmology: the anthropic principle", Mind 92(368): 573-579, 1983,

Leslie, John, "Modern Cosmology and the Creation of Life", Evolution and Creation, McMullin, E., 1985, Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press,

Leslie, John, "The Scientific Weight of Anthropic and Teleological Principles", Current Issues in Teleology, Rescher, N., 1986, Lanham and London: University Press of America

Leslie, John, "No inverse gambler's fallacy in cosmology", Mind 97(386): 269-272, 1988,

Leslie, John, Universes, 1989, London: Routledge,

Leslie, John, "Is the end of the world nigh?", Philosophical Quarterly 40(158): 65-72, 1990,

Leslie, John, "Risking the world's end", Interchange 21(1): 49-58, 1990,

Leslie, John, "Design and the Anthropic Principle", Biology and Philosophy 7: 349-359, 1992,

Leslie, John, "Doomsday Revisited", Philosophical Quarterly 42(166): 85-87, 1992,

Leslie, John, "Time and the Anthropic Principle", Mind 101(403): 521-540, 1992,

Leslie, John, "Doom and Probabilities", Mind 102(407): 489-91, 1993,

Leslie, John, "Fine tuning can be important", Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72(3): 383, 1994, 

Leslie, John, "A difficulty for Everett's many-worlds theory", International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 10(3): 239-246, 1996,

Leslie, John, "The Anthropic Principle Today", Final Causality in Nature and Human Affairs, Hassing, R., 1996, Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press,

Leslie, John, The End of the World: the Science and Ethics of Human Extinction, 1996, London: Routledge,

Leslie, John, "Observer-relative Chances and the Doomsday argument", Inquiry 40: 427-36, 1997,

Leslie, John, Modern cosmology & philosophy, 1998, New York: Prometheus Books,

Leslie, John, "Our place in the cosmos", Philosophy 75: 5-24, 2000,,

Leslie, John, "Cosmology and Theology", 2003,

Leslie, John, "Infinitely long afterlives and the Doomsday argument", Philosophy 83: 519-524, 2008,

Lewis, David K., "A Subjectivist's Guide to Objective Chance", Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, vol. II., Jeffrey, R.C., 1980, Berkeley: University of California Press,

Lewis, David K., On the Plurality of Worlds, 1986, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Lewis, David K., Philosophical Papers Vol. II, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press,

Lewis, David K., "Humean Supervenience Debugged", Mind 103(412): 473-90, 1994,

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